Cherry, its scientific name is Cerasus pseudocerasus. It is referred to subgenus of Cerasus Laurocerasus. The trees is between 2-6 m high, with gray bark. Branches are grayish brown and tender green, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Winter buds is in oval shape, glabrous. Florescence time is between March and April, bearing fruit period is between May and June.
The fruits are generally eaten as fruit. It comes with bright and vibrant colors from buttery yellow to bright red, like agate. The shape of the fruit is round look like a micro size apple, with a long pedicel. Fruits are rich in sugar, protein, vitamin A and C, minerals include calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium and many other elements.
The world’s cherry plantation are mainly distributed in the United States, Canada, Chile, Australia, Europe and China. China’s main producing areas are Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Henan, Gansu, Shaanxi, Sichuan and few other places.
Seeds of cherry, apple and other Rosaceae plants, such as apricot, peach, plum and loquat, contain a substance called cyanogen glucoside. It is not toxic by itself but cyanogen glucoside enzyme interact with acid, it will produce a toxic called hydrocyanic acid. The common symptoms of hydrocyanic acid poisoning is oral bitterness, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting. Serious case will be unconscious,
The fruit is very sweet with a bit of sour and tepid. It is said to be good for the spleen and stomach, nourish the liver and kidney, and can help to prevent diarrheal. It also has effect to fade the facial freckles and stretch mark as well.
It usually eat as raw fruit. It can also be used as 1 of the ingredient of soup. With its high content is sugar, it can be used to produce wine like grapes.
Cherry contain the highest iron among all fruit, up to 59 mg of iron per 100 grams. It also contain Vitamin A 4-5 times more than grape, apple and orange. Each 100g of cherry contains water 83g, protein 1.4g, fat 0.3g, sugar 8g, carbohydrate 14.4g, 66 thousand calories, crude fiber 0.4g, 0.5g ash, calcium 18mg, phosphorus 18mg, iron 5.9mg, 0.15mg carotene, thiamin riboflavin 0.04mg, 0.08mg, 0.4mg, 900MG acid, ascorbic acid, potassium 258mg, sodium 0.7mg, magnesium 10.6mg.
Cherries can relieve anemia. Iron is the raw material for the synthesis of human hemoglobin. The WHO survey showed that about 50% of the girls, 20% of the adult women and 40% of the pregnant women had iron deficiency anemia. With its iron content, cherry can definitely help to them.
Besides the fruit, cherry wood also has a high value in the making furniture, like chair, table, and desk. In general, cherry is very hard to grow as there are many different diseases and fungus that will attack them all year round. That’s why the price of the fruit is relatively higher compare to other fruits. Nonetheless, it is still a popular fruit as it is sweet and tasty.
Although cherry is good, it is not to advise to take too much. It also contains a certain amount of cyanide glycosides, if consumed too much will cause iron poisoning or cyanide poisoning especially with empty stomach.