Sugarcane with scientific name of officinarum: Saccharum is a perennial tall solid herb. It is widely cultivated in Taiwan, Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan and many other tropical areas in southern China. Sugarcane suitable to be planted in the fertile soil, with lots of sunlight and have large temperature difference between summer and winter.
Sugarcane is temperate and tropical crops, is the only raw material for making sucrose for home use. it also can turn into ethanol as a substitute for energy. There are more than 100 countries producing sugarcane in the world, and the biggest sugarcane producing countries are Brazil, India and china. Sugar cane contains sugar, water, also contains a variety of vitamins, fat, protein, organic acid, calcium, iron and other substances which are beneficial to human body. There are 2 main types of sugarcane, it is easily identified by the skin color, purple and green. Though there are 2 more species, red and brown, but they are relatively rare.
Sugarcane mainly grow in between the latitude or North 33 degree to South 30 degrees. It is especially concentrated in the area of south 25 degrees. Sugarcane, native to India, is now widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas. The largest sugarcane planting area is Brazil, followed by India, China ranks third. Other countries are Cuba, Thailand, Mexico, Australia, United States and so on.
The main sugarcane producing areas in China are mainly distributed in tropical and subtropical areas south of latitude 24 degrees, including Guangdong, Taiwan, Guangxi, Fujian, Sichuan, Yunnan, Jiangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Zhejiang, Hubei, Hainan and other 12 provinces in the south. Since the middle of 1980s, China’s sugar producing areas rapidly moved to Guangxi, Yunnan and other western regions. By 1999, the sugar production of Guangxi and Yunnan provinces accounted for 70.6% of the total in China (excluding Taiwan province). With the development of production technology, there are also scattered greenhouses planted in the Central Plains of China (such as Henan, Shandong, Hebei and other places).
There are certain sugarcane subspecies which is can be treated like fruit sugarcane, whereas others will just be cultivated for its sugar.
For fruit sugarcane, it is relatively easy to tear, less fiber, not too sweet, crisp, succulent stems and tastier.
Modern medical research shows that sugarcane is not only rich in sugar, water, it also contains protein, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, phosphorus, iron, asparagine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, serine, alanine, valine, leucine, the lysine, lysine, threonine, glutamine, proline, cystine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, GABA and other amino acids. Various organic acids including fumaric acid, succinic acid, glycolic acid, malic acid, citric acid, oxalic acid and vitamin B1, B2, B6, and most of all, vitamin C.
With the balance nutrients, it is a good thirst cruncher. It also help to clear phlegm, suppress the feeling of wanting to vomit and even cure hiccup. It can also help to suppress the side effect of alcohol.
It even can help to sooth the effect of fever.
Due to its high content of sugar, diabetic patient should avoid taking this.